Michigan Public Records
In the state of Michigan, the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) grants the public the right to access records held by entities falling under the purview of the executive and legislative branches of both state and local government. This includes agencies, departments, bureaus, divisions, boards, councils, and commissions.
Additionally, records maintained by organizations established by the state government or those primarily sponsored by it are also considered public and accessible.
The most straightforward way to access a public record is to reach out to the state or municipal agency directly responsible. Access can also be gained through private sources if the records are open to the public.
Table of Contents
To request Michigan public records, proceed with the steps below:
Where to find Public Records in Michigan
Depending on the type of record you are seeking, there are numerous options for where you can find public records in Michigan.
Yes. Public records in Michigan can be accessed online. People can order vital records online through the VitalChek website. You possess a legal entitlement to review Michigan’s public records under the provisions of the state’s Freedom of Information Act (“FOIA”), except in cases where you are “incarcerated in state or local correctional facilities.
Numerous government departments offer online portals or databases where a variety of public records can be searched and accessed. The availability of certain records online may vary depending on the agency and the type of information required.
State Public Records Law
You have a statutory right to inspect Michigan’s public records using the state’s Freedom of Information Act (“FOIA”), unless you are “incarcerated in state or local correctional facilities. Here are some key aspects of the Michigan Open Records:
While many records in Michigan are accessible to the public, there are certain records that are not publicly accessible due to privacy or legal concerns.
Here are some examples of records that are typically not considered public in Michigan:
Michigan Background Checks
Michigan background checks enable individuals to ascertain whether someone has a criminal history within the state’s records. These checks are facilitated by the Michigan Internet Criminal History Access Tool (ICHAT) and come at a cost of $10 per search, revealing records of individuals with felonies or serious misdemeanors.
This background check can be initiated by an individual seeking information on someone else or by an organization on behalf of an individual. The process is conveniently carried out online, where requesters can make the payment securely using a credit card or debit card. Upon payment approval, they can promptly access the results online. These results are available on the web for a period of seven days from the time of payment approval.
It’s important to understand that while this background check allows the general public to uncover the criminal history of individuals with felony charges or serious misdemeanors punishable by more than 93 days, it does not disclose information about warrants, juvenile records, or any other records that are legally protected from disclosure.
In addition to name-based background checks, individuals may also initiate fingerprint-based checks under specific circumstances. However, such requests must be accompanied by an order of state or federal statute, executive order, or rule in order to be processed.
What Can Be Included In a Background Check Report?
The court system in Michigan has three levels: Trial Courts, Court of Appeals, and the Supreme Court. Photo of Trial Court. Photo from Michigan Supreme Court.
- Michigan Supreme Court: The Michigan Supreme Court, comprised of seven members, handles appeals from the Court of Appeals and oversees the entire judicial system in the state. It exercises original jurisdiction in limited instances but holds appellate jurisdiction over the entirety of the state’s judicial apparatus. Decisions are rendered through majority agreement, and the court’s establishment dates back to 1835.
- Michigan Court of Appeals: The Court of Appeals is responsible for reviewing appeals from the circuit courts and, in specific situations, directly from the probate courts. Although judges are elected from four distinct districts, they collaborate in panels, and their decisions carry statewide authority. Cases are heard by panels of three judges, focusing on the application of legal principles rather than the factual aspects unless significant factual errors are involved.
- Circuit Courts: Circuit courts are tasked with presiding over more severe criminal cases and serving as the appellate court for district court decisions. Michigan boasts 57 circuit courts, each holding original jurisdiction over civil suits exceeding $25,000 in contention and all felony criminal cases.
- District Courts: District courts deal with less severe criminal offenses and function as trial courts of limited jurisdiction. They handle a range of cases, including traffic violations, small claims, misdemeanors, and civil suits where the disputed amount falls below $25,000. District courts also play a crucial role in conducting preliminary examinations and setting bail for felony cases.
- Probate Courts: In Michigan, there is a probate court corresponding to each county, with the exception of ten counties grouped into five probate court districts.
- Municipal Courts: Most cities in the state have discontinued their municipal courts, except for the five Grosse Pointes in Wayne County, each of which maintains its municipal court, except for Grosse Pointe Woods and Grosse Pointe Shores, which jointly operate one.
- Specialized Courts: Michigan also maintains specialized courts focused on particular case types or demographics. These encompass family courts, probate courts, juvenile courts, drug courts, mental health courts, and veterans courts.
- Limited Jurisdiction Courts: These courts manage simpler cases with capped monetary values or particular topics. They comprise district courts, small claims courts, and other administrative courts.
Types of Michigan Court Records
Civil Court Records
Family Court Records
Probate Court Records
Traffic Court Records
Juvenile Court Records
Restrictions, Limitations, and Confidentiality
Michigan court records are subject to a number of restrictions, limitations, and confidentiality requirements. Some of the most common include:
- Juvenile records, mental health records, medical records, trade secrets, law enforcement investigatory records, and personnel records are confidential and can only be accessed by authorized individuals.
- Access to court records may be limited for certain types of cases, such as domestic violence cases.
- Court records may be sealed by a judge for a variety of reasons, such as to protect the privacy of the parties involved or to protect national security.
- Court personnel and parties to a lawsuit are required to keep all court records confidential.
It is important to note that the restrictions, limitations, and confidentiality requirements that apply to Michigan court records may vary depending on the type of case and may change over time. Therefore, it is always best to consult with an attorney or other legal professional to get the most up-to-date information.
Courts in Michigan
Michigan Public Vital Records
Michigan vital records are documents that record important life events, such as births, deaths, marriages, and divorces. These records are maintained by the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS).
The following are some of the most common types of Michigan vital records:
- Birth certificates
- Death certificates
- Marriage certificates
- Divorce certificates
These records can be used for a variety of purposes, such as:
- Applying for a passport
- Enrolling in school
- Getting a driver’s license
- Applying for certain jobs
- Obtaining insurance
To obtain a copy of a Michigan vital record, you can visit the MDHHS website or contact the Vital Records Division by phone at 517-335-8666. There is a fee associated with obtaining copies of vital records.
It is important to note that there are some restrictions on who can obtain copies of Michigan vital records. For example, only the birth certificate holder, their parents, or their legal guardians can obtain a copy of a birth certificate without the birth certificate holder’s consent.
If you have any questions about Michigan vital records, you can contact the Vital Records Division at 517-335-8666.
Here are some additional things to keep in mind about Michigan’s vital records:
- Birth records are confidential for the first 100 years after the birth date.
- Death records are open to the public.
- Marriage and divorce records are open to the public after ten years.
- You can obtain a copy of a vital record even if you do not live in Michigan.
- You can request a vital record in person, by mail, or online.
Vital records in Michigan can be requested via online platforms, mail, or in-person. The fees for each record request may vary; it’s recommended to check with the relevant local office or state department for the latest fees.
- Birth certificates – $34.00/ $16.00 for each additional copy
- Marriage certificates – $15.00 for the first copy and $7.00 for each additional copy
- Divorce certificates – $15.00
- Death certificates – $15.00 for the first copy and $7.00 for each additional copy
Michigan Public Criminal Records
Like any other place, Michigan faces its share of criminal activity. To monitor and document these incidents, Michigan maintains criminal records that provide an official account of criminal actions within the state.
These official Michigan state records are accessible through Michigan’s Internet Criminal History Access Tool (ICHAT), which allows the public to access records recorded and maintained by law enforcement and arresting agencies within the state’s jurisdiction. These publicly available criminal records contain information pertaining to felonies and serious misdemeanors.
Individuals seeking these details can obtain them through various means, including payment for a single search, billing as an institution, or, in the case of nonprofit charitable organizations, accessing these services for free. These costs help support the state’s efforts in maintaining and managing these records.
What you can find
When conducting an inmate search in Michigan, you can expect to find the following information:
- Name: Inmate records include the full name of the individual who is or has been under the supervision of authorities. This is the individual’s legal name.
- Date of Birth: The date of birth of the inmate is recorded, providing important personal identification information.
- Location: Inmate records specify the location or facility where the individual is or was incarcerated or under supervision. This could include the name of the prison, jail, or detention center.
- Status: The status of the inmate’s legal situation is indicated, whether they are currently incarcerated, on parole, on probation, or have completed their sentence. It provides an overview of their legal standing.
- Race: The inmate’s racial background is documented in the records. This information is used for various purposes, including demographic analysis.
- Offender Number: Each inmate is assigned a unique offender number for identification within the criminal justice system. This number helps track and manage their records and interactions with law enforcement and corrections agencies.
How to Perform an Inmate Search in Michigan
To find recent arrests and inmates in jail, contact the arresting authority, typically the local police department or sheriff’s office.
Check the official websites of these sources for the most current information.
In Michigan, the Michigan Department of Corrections (MDOC) has an inmate search tool that you can use. Here’s how:
- Access the MDOC’s Inmate Search Tool: Head over to the MDOC’s official website and navigate to their Inmate Search section. The URL is typically found under the Department’s online services.
- Input the Inmate’s Information: To conduct the search, you’ll need some information about the inmate. This might include their MDOC number or their last name, possibly combined with other identifiers.
- Initiate the Search: After you’ve provided the necessary details, there should be a “Search” button or something similar to click on to get the results.
- Examine the Results: If the inmate is in the MDOC system, you’ll see relevant details about them, such as their MDOC number, age, date they were admitted to the facility, their current location, and when they might be eligible for parole.
Jails & Prisons in Michigan
Can I look up mugshots in Michigan?
Yes, you can access Michigan mugshots through the OTIS platform, which is powered by the Michigan Department of Corrections (MDOC). This platform allows individuals to search for Michigan state records related to arrests. Searches can be specific, using an individual’s first and last name, or more general, including descriptions of tattoos or marks.
Michigan Arrest Records
To find recent arrests:
- Contact the arresting authority, usually the local police department or sheriff’s office.
- Check the official websites of these agencies for the most up-to-date information.
What Do These Records Contain:
Michigan arrest records typically contain the following information:
- Personal Identification Details: Such as the individual’s full name, possible aliases, date of birth, and sometimes their residential address.
- Arrest Information: Details about the arrest event, including when and where it took place, the arresting agency, the name of the arresting officer, and the filed charges.
- Booking Information: This might include fingerprints, photographs (mugshots), and other personal data gathered during the booking.
- Charges and Criminal Offenses: A description of the specific charges or offenses for which the individual was arrested, along with any relevant penal codes.
- Court Case Information: If the arrest has led to legal proceedings, the record might contain preliminary details about the court case.
Michigan Property and Asset Records Online
To search for Michigan unclaimed properties, follow these steps:
- Visit Michigan’s unclaimed property website.
- Enter your last name or your business name; consider adding your first name if you have a common last name.
- Refine your search by specifying the city and zip code if needed.
- Click the “Search” button.
- Exact matches, valued at $50 or more, stock proceeds, or tangible items will be displayed first.
To claim your property:
- Click the “Claim” button next to your name.
- Proceed by clicking “Continue to file a claim” and then “Review claimed properties” to see what’s available for you to claim.
- Specify if you’re claiming it for yourself, your business, or someone else, and click “file claim.”
- Provide your contact information and additional details to facilitate the return of your property.
- After initiating your claim, you’ll receive a claim ID from the Department of Treasury.
Documents needed to claim Michigan property:
- Upload required documentation in standard file types (PDF, TIF, PNG, or JPG), each under 10 MB in size.
- Ensure uploaded images are well-trimmed, avoiding unnecessary white backgrounds.
- Some claims may require original documents, which cannot be uploaded; consult your claim form for specific requirements.
To track your claim:
- Use your claim ID received after making a claim.
- Keep in mind that some claims may require up to five approvals before the property is released, so checking back with your claim ID is advisable.
Obtaining your driving record in Michigan is a straightforward process. The cost for acquiring your driving record is $8 when using a record request form or $9 if you prefer to visit a branch office in person. You can obtain the necessary record request form for your convenience.
Once completed, you have two options for submitting the form: you can mail it to the Record Lookup Unit at 7064 Crowner Drive, Lansing, Michigan, 48918-1502, or fax it to 517-322-1624.
To request your driving record, you will need to provide essential information, including your driver’s license number, full name, and date of birth. It’s important to note that in certain cases, you may be allowed to request another person’s driving record, typically for business or government purposes.
To determine the permissible reasons for record requests, please visit the Michigan Secretary of State website. If you require an electronic copy of your driving record or need it for a legal matter, such as a criminal case, it’s advisable to consult with an attorney for guidance.
Civil Driving Infractions
In Michigan, civil infractions under the Motor Vehicle Code, including moving violations like speeding or running a red light, can lead to points being added to your driving record. These infractions typically result in fines and the accumulation of driver’s license points.
Penalties for civil infractions can vary based on the severity of the violation. Apart from fines, committing traffic violations might also accrue points on a driver’s record through the Michigan point system. Accumulating too many points within a specific time frame can lead to consequences, such as the suspension or even revocation of driving privileges.
Some common examples of civil driving infractions in Michigan are:
Running a red light
Unsafe lane changing
Not wearing a seatbelt
Driving under the influence (DUI or OWI in Michigan) is treated as a more serious offense, often classified as a misdemeanor. Penalties for such offenses might include substantial fines, jail time, or both, depending on the circumstances and any previous infractions.
Michigan White Pages - Find People, Addresses, and Other Non-Official Information
The Michigan Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) provides all persons (except persons incarcerated in correctional facilities) with access to public records, including addresses and ownership information. However, usage restrictions may apply, particularly when it comes to the sharing or use of this information for unauthorized purposes. These records are usually under the jurisdiction of the county recorder of deeds and can be searched by name, address, or parcel number.
Conducting people searches in Michigan can be accomplished through a variety of online databases, including public records websites. These platforms provide access to a range of information, including full names, addresses, and phone numbers. It’s important to note that while these databases offer comprehensive data, they are subject to Michigan’s privacy laws, and specific restrictions may apply to the utilization of this information.
Can I Search By a Phone Number and Identify The Owner?
Certainly, reverse phone lookups can be carried out in Michigan to determine the owner of a particular phone number. These services can provide a range of details, including names, addresses, and sometimes additional information like social media profiles. Various methods are available to conduct a reverse phone lookup in Michigan, allowing searches by name, address, or related information to help identify the phone number’s owner.
License Plate Lookup in Michigan
In Michigan, private individuals do not have access to the license plate information of others, as the Federal Drivers Privacy Protection Act protects it. However, individuals can look up their own license plate records through the Michigan Department of State for a limited seven-day period.
Frequently Asked Questions
Who and why can request public records?
In Michigan, anyone except incarcerated felons can request public records without the need to justify their request. Requesters are free to use the obtained information as they see fit. The Michigan Freedom of Information Act mandates a response to record requests within five days.
Are there fees associated with requesting public records?
Yes, there can be fees associated with requesting public records in Michigan. Government agencies are allowed to charge fees to cover the administrative costs of copying and producing the requested records. The fees can vary depending on the specific agency and the nature of the request.
Are public records Free to access?
Some public records in Michigan may be freely accessible online through various government websites. For example, some court records, legislative documents, and other types of public information may be available without any charge. However, for specific records not readily available online, you may need to submit a formal FOIA request, which could involve fees to cover administrative costs.
What is the response time for public records requests?
Michigan’s Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) stipulates that a public body must provide a response to a request for public records within five business days of receiving the request.
Can my request be rejected?
Yes, a public records request can be denied in Michigan for various reasons. Government agencies may refuse a request if the records sought are exempt from public disclosure under Michigan law.