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Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms


Academic transcripts: Official records issued by educational institutions that provide a comprehensive and chronological overview of a student’s academic achievements, including courses taken, grades received, degrees earned, and other relevant academic information.

Adoption agency licenses: Licenses issued to adoption agencies by regulatory bodies or authorities, indicating compliance with applicable laws, regulations, and standards for facilitating the adoption process, ensuring the agency meets the necessary requirements to operate legally and ethically.

Adoption agency records: Official records and documentation maintained by adoption agencies, including records of adoption placements, home studies, background checks, birth parent information, legal documentation, and other pertinent records related to the adoption process.

Adoption consent forms: Legal documents signed by biological parents, guardians, or legal representatives granting consent for the adoption of a child, acknowledging their understanding and agreement to relinquish parental rights and responsibilities, enabling the adoption process to proceed in accordance with applicable adoption laws and regulations.

Adoption home studies: Evaluations conducted by social workers or adoption agencies to assess the suitability and safety of a prospective adoptive family’s home and living environment, considering factors such as the family’s background, financial stability, living conditions, and readiness to provide a nurturing and secure environment for an adopted child.

Adoption proceedings: Legal processes and associated records related to the adoption of a child or individual, including court filings, evaluations, home studies, termination of parental rights, and the final adoption order.

Adoption records: Official records related to the legal adoption process, containing information about adoptive parents, birth parents, and the adopted individual, while respecting privacy and confidentiality laws.

Adoption subsidies: Financial assistance or subsidies provided to adoptive parents or guardians who have adopted children with special needs or from certain qualifying circumstances, aiming to support the adoption process and provide ongoing financial assistance to ensure the well-being and care of the adopted child.

Animal control records: Official records and documentation related to animal control or animal services activities, including reports of animal complaints, licenses, vaccinations, inspections, investigations, or other records pertaining to the management, welfare, and safety of animals within a jurisdiction.

Arrest records: Official records that document an individual’s arrests, including details such as the date, location, charges, and outcome of the arrest.

Arrest warrants: Official court-issued documents authorizing the arrest and detention of individuals suspected of committing a crime, typically specifying the charges, allowing law enforcement officers to take the individuals into custody.

Arrest warrants databases: Databases or systems maintained by law enforcement agencies or authorities to store and manage records and information related to active arrest warrants, including details such as the issuing jurisdiction, offense, individual’s identity, and other relevant information needed for law enforcement purposes.

Asset forfeiture: The legal process by which law enforcement agencies seize and take ownership of assets or property involved in criminal activities, typically following convictions or proven connections to illicit activities.

Asset records: Official records and documentation related to the ownership, value, and details of assets owned by individuals, organizations, or entities, including financial investments, real estate properties, vehicles, and other valuable possessions.

Asset search: An investigation process to locate and determine the assets and financial holdings of an individual or entity, typically conducted for legal, financial, or investigative purposes.


Background checks: Comprehensive investigations conducted by individuals, employers, or organizations to review a person’s criminal, financial, educational, and employment history.

Background screening: The process of investigating and verifying an individual’s personal, professional, and financial background to assess their suitability for employment, tenancy, or other purposes.

Bank account statements: Official documents provided by financial institutions that detail the transactions, balances, and activities of an individual or organization’s bank account, typically including deposits, withdrawals, transfers, interest earned, and other relevant financial information.

Bank records: Official records and documentation maintained by financial institutions that provide details of an individual’s or organization’s banking activities, including account statements, transactions, balances, loans, mortgages, and other financial interactions with the bank.

Bankruptcy records: Official records documenting bankruptcy filings, proceedings, and decisions, including details such as the type of bankruptcy, creditors involved, and outcomes of the case.

Birth certificates: Official documents issued by government authorities that certify the birth of an individual, providing details such as the individual’s name, date and place of birth, parents’ names, and other relevant information, often required for identification, legal, or administrative purposes.

Birth records: Official records that document the birth of an individual, including details such as the date, time, location, and parents’ names.

Business permits and licenses: Official authorizations or approvals granted by government authorities that allow individuals or organizations to conduct specific business activities, ensuring compliance with applicable laws, regulations, and standards governing operations in a particular industry or jurisdiction.

Business records: Documents and information related to the establishment, operation, and administration of businesses, including registration details, licenses, permits, and financial records.


Campaign contributions: Financial contributions made by individuals, organizations, or entities to political campaigns or candidates, often subject to disclosure requirements to promote transparency and track potential influences on political processes.

Campaign finance reports: Reports and disclosures filed by political candidates, parties, or committees, detailing financial activities, contributions, expenditures, loans, or other financial transactions related to political campaigns, providing transparency and accountability in the financing of political activities.

Child abuse records: Official records and documentation related to cases of suspected or substantiated child abuse or neglect, including reports, investigations, assessments, and any legal or protective actions taken to ensure the safety and well-being of the child involved.

Child custody records: Official documents and records related to legal proceedings and decisions concerning the custody, visitation, and support of children, typically maintained by courts and other relevant government agencies.

Child protection services: Government or community-based services and interventions designed to safeguard children from abuse, neglect, exploitation, or other forms of harm, encompassing prevention, intervention, and support programs aimed at protecting the rights and well-being of children.

Child welfare records: Official records and documentation related to the welfare and protection of children, including case files, assessments, investigations, services provided, and any legal actions taken to ensure the safety, well-being, and proper care of children involved in child welfare systems.

Citizenship applications: Formal applications submitted by individuals seeking legal recognition and status as citizens of a particular country, typically requiring the provision of personal information, supporting documentation, and meeting specific eligibility criteria established by immigration laws and regulations.

City records: Official documents and information created, collected, or maintained by city-level government agencies, including records pertaining to local governance, city ordinances, land use, building permits, business licenses, and public services specific to a particular city.

Civil court records: Official records and documentation related to civil legal proceedings, including lawsuits, disputes, and other non-criminal cases heard in civil courts, encompassing court filings, judgments, orders, settlements, and other relevant documents associated with the cases.

Civil protection orders: Court-issued orders or injunctions that protect individuals from harassment, abuse, or threats, often in cases of domestic violence, stalking, or harassment, providing legal protection and outlining restrictions or prohibitions against the alleged perpetrator.

Consumer complaint records: Records and documentation related to complaints filed by consumers regarding products, services, or business practices, often maintained by consumer protection agencies, organizations, or regulatory bodies, including details of the complaint, resolutions, investigations, or any other relevant information related to consumer grievances.

Copyright registrations: Official registrations filed with the relevant copyright authorities to establish legal ownership and protection of creative works, including literary, artistic, musical, or other intellectual property, providing evidence of copyright ownership and certain rights and protections.

Corporate filings: Official documents and records related to the formation, registration, and ongoing activities of a corporation, including articles of incorporation, bylaws, annual reports, board resolutions, and other required filings with the appropriate government authorities.

Corporate mergers and acquisitions: The process of combining two or more companies or entities through mergers, acquisitions, or other forms of corporate transactions, involving the transfer of ownership, assets, liabilities, and operations between the involved parties, often requiring legal documentation and regulatory approvals.

County records: Official documents and information created, collected, or maintained by county-level government agencies, encompassing records related to local governance, land ownership, property assessments, court cases, and vital records within a specific county.

Court dockets: Schedules or calendars maintained by courts that list the cases to be heard, including details such as case numbers, parties involved, and hearing dates.

Court order violations: Instances where individuals fail to comply with court orders or directives, such as restraining orders, child custody orders, or support orders, resulting in legal consequences or enforcement actions to ensure compliance with the court’s rulings.

Court records: Documents related to legal proceedings, including case files, court orders, judgments, and other records generated during court hearings and trials.

Court transcripts: Official written records or recordings of court proceedings, hearings, or trials, capturing verbatim details of the proceedings, including statements made by the judge, attorneys, witnesses, and any evidence presented, serving as a historical record of the case.

Credit history: A record of an individual’s borrowing and repayment activities, including details of loans, credit cards, payment history, and creditworthiness, used by lenders to assess credit risk and determine loan eligibility.

Credit reports: Detailed reports compiled by credit bureaus that provide information about an individual’s credit history, including credit accounts, payment history, outstanding debts, and creditworthiness, used by lenders and other entities to assess creditworthiness and make informed financial decisions.

Criminal background checks: Comprehensive checks conducted on individuals to determine if they have a criminal history, typically involving searches of criminal records, arrest records, court records, and other relevant sources to assess potential risks or eligibility for certain positions, licenses, or programs.

Criminal records: Official records that document an individual’s criminal history, including arrests, charges, convictions, and sentencing information.


Data security: The protection of digital or physical data from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, or destruction, often involving the implementation of security measures, protocols, encryption, access controls, and data storage practices to mitigate the risk of data breaches or compromises.

Death certificates: Official documents issued by authorities to certify the death of an individual, containing information such as the date, time, location, and cause of death, often required for legal and administrative purposes, including estate settlement, insurance claims, or family matters.

Death records: Official records that document the death of an individual, including details such as the date, time, location, cause of death, and sometimes the surviving family members.

Disaster recovery plans: Plans developed by organizations, communities, or government agencies to outline strategies, procedures, and resources for recovering and restoring critical operations, infrastructure, and services following a disaster or emergency event, addressing aspects such as logistics, communication, resource allocation, and coordination efforts to facilitate effective recovery and resilience.

Disaster response plans: Predefined plans and protocols developed by organizations or agencies to guide their response and actions in the event of a natural disaster, emergency, or crisis situation, outlining strategies, roles, responsibilities, and procedures to ensure effective response, coordination, and recovery efforts.

Disclosure laws: Legal regulations and statutes that require individuals, organizations, or government agencies to disclose specific information to the public or other entities, ensuring transparency and accountability in various contexts, such as financial reporting, consumer protection, and public safety.

Divestment disclosures: Disclosures made by individuals, organizations, or institutions regarding the divestment or withdrawal of investments from specific industries, companies, or assets, often undertaken for ethical, environmental, social, or political reasons, and providing transparency about investment decisions and strategies.

Divorce records: Official records that document the dissolution of a marriage, including details such as the date, location, and terms of the divorce settlement.

Domestic violence records: Official records and documentation related to incidents or cases of domestic violence, including reports, protective orders, restraining orders, investigations, and any legal actions taken to address and prevent domestic violence situations.

Driving records: Official records that provide information about an individual’s driving history, including license status, traffic violations, accidents, and other relevant details.

Driving violations: Recorded instances of individuals violating traffic laws or regulations while operating a motor vehicle, including speeding, reckless driving, failure to yield, or other infractions, often resulting in penalties or fines.


Education records: Official records related to an individual’s educational history, including degrees earned, transcripts, certifications, and academic achievements.

Education verifications: Process of verifying an individual’s educational background, typically conducted by employers or educational institutions to confirm the completion of degrees, certifications, diplomas, or courses, often including verification of attendance, graduation dates, and academic achievements.

EEOC complaints: Complaints filed with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) or similar state or regional agencies alleging employment discrimination, including issues related to race, color, sex, national origin, religion, disability, or other protected characteristics, triggering investigations and potential legal actions to address the alleged discriminatory practices.

Emergency contact information: Information provided by individuals or organizations to identify and reach designated contacts in case of emergencies or critical situations, typically including names, phone numbers, addresses, and relationships to ensure prompt communication and support during emergencies.

Eminent domain proceedings: Legal processes initiated by government authorities to acquire private property for public use, typically involving compensation to property owners, based on the concept of eminent domain, which grants the government the power to take private property for public purposes deemed necessary or beneficial.

Employment contracts: Legally binding agreements between employers and employees that outline the terms and conditions of employment, including job responsibilities, compensation, benefits, working hours, leave policies, termination provisions, and any other relevant employment terms.

Employment eligibility verification: Process of verifying an individual’s eligibility to work in a particular country, in compliance with immigration laws and regulations. It typically involves verifying an individual’s identity, work authorization documents, and other relevant information to ensure legal authorization to work. Employers are responsible for conducting employment eligibility verification to confirm that employees are eligible to work and to maintain compliance with the immigration laws of the country in which they operate. The verification process may include completing Form I-9 in the United States or similar documentation requirements in other countries.

Employment history: A chronological record of an individual’s past employment, including details such as job titles, dates of employment, responsibilities, and accomplishments.

Employment verifications: The process of confirming an individual’s employment history and details, typically conducted by employers or background check services to validate the accuracy of the information provided by the job applicant or employee.

Environmental compliance reports: Reports documenting an organization’s compliance with environmental regulations, requirements, or permits, outlining the results of environmental assessments, monitoring activities, pollution control measures, or corrective actions taken to minimize environmental impacts and ensure compliance with applicable laws.

Environmental impact assessments: Studies and reports conducted to evaluate the potential environmental effects of proposed projects, policies, or activities, assessing factors such as air and water quality, ecosystem impacts, biodiversity, and socio-economic consequences to inform decision-making and ensure environmental protection.

Environmental records: Official records and documentation related to environmental matters, including permits, assessments, monitoring reports, enforcement actions, and other information associated with the protection, management, and impact of natural resources and ecosystems.


Federal records: Official documents and information created, collected, or maintained by the federal government, encompassing a wide range of topics and departments, such as legislation, regulations, administrative records, and agency reports.

Felony records: Official records documenting criminal offenses classified as felonies, which are serious crimes typically punishable by imprisonment for more than one year.

Financial disclosures: Official reports or statements disclosing an individual’s or entity’s financial activities, assets, income sources, investments, or other relevant financial information, often required by law or regulation for transparency and accountability purposes.

Financial institution audits: Independent examinations or reviews conducted by regulatory authorities, external auditors, or internal auditors to assess the financial condition, operations, controls, compliance, and risk management practices of financial institutions, including banks, credit unions, or investment firms, ensuring adherence to applicable financial regulations and accounting standards.

Financial judgments: Official court orders or decisions that determine the liability of a party in a financial matter, such as debt collection, breach of contract, or monetary damages, often resulting in the enforcement of payment or other remedies.

Financial statements: Official reports and documents that present the financial performance, position, and activities of individuals, businesses, or organizations, including balance sheets, income statements, cash flow statements, and other financial information.

Fire incident reports: Reports documenting fire incidents or emergencies, prepared by fire departments, emergency responders, or investigating authorities, providing details on the nature of the fire, its location, response actions, casualties, property damage, and investigations conducted to determine the cause and prevent future occurrences.

Foreclosure records: Official records and documentation related to the foreclosure process of properties, including notices of default, court filings, auction or sale information, and other documents associated with the legal proceedings and outcome of a foreclosure.

Forensic evidence records: Official records and documentation related to evidence collected and analyzed in criminal investigations, including information on the collection, preservation, testing, and analysis of physical or digital evidence used in court proceedings.

Freedom of Information: Act (FOIA) A federal law that grants the public the right to request and access records held by federal government agencies, ensuring transparency and accountability in government operations, subject to certain exemptions and limitations.

Learn more about FOIA.

Freedom of information request: A formal request made by individuals or organizations to access specific information held by government agencies or public authorities, exercising the right to access public records and promoting transparency and accountability in governance.


Genealogy records: Documents and information related to the study and tracing of family history and ancestry, including birth records, marriage records, census data, and other historical records.

Government contracts: Legally binding agreements or contracts between government entities and individuals or businesses, specifying the terms, conditions, and obligations related to the procurement of goods, services, or works, often involving competitive bidding processes, financial arrangements, and performance requirements.

Government records: Official documents and information created, maintained, and stored by government agencies at various levels (federal, state, local) that provide a wide range of data, including laws, regulations, public services, and administrative records.

Gun ownership records: Official records and documentation related to the ownership, registration, and permits associated with firearms, typically maintained by law enforcement agencies or relevant government authorities.

Gun permit applications: Applications submitted by individuals seeking permission to legally possess, carry, or purchase firearms, typically requiring personal information, background checks, fingerprints, training certifications, and other documentation as required by firearm laws and regulations.


Hazardous material reports: Documentation and reports detailing the presence, handling, storage, transportation, or disposal of hazardous materials, substances, or waste, including information on their classification, properties, quantities, safety measures, and compliance with applicable regulations to ensure public and environmental safety.

Health and safety regulations: Rules, standards, or guidelines established by regulatory bodies or authorities to ensure the protection of public health, safety, and well-being, covering various aspects such as workplace safety, food safety, environmental health, occupational health, and other areas of public health concern.

Health department records: Official records and documentation maintained by health departments or agencies, encompassing various aspects of public health, including disease surveillance, immunization records, birth and death records, inspections, and health-related interventions or programs.

Health inspection reports: Official reports generated after conducting inspections of healthcare facilities, restaurants, food establishments, or other regulated entities, assessing compliance with health and safety standards, identifying violations, and documenting corrective actions or penalties imposed as necessary.

Historical preservation designations: Official designations or listings granted to buildings, sites, or areas of historical, cultural, or architectural significance, often determined by local, state, or national preservation agencies or organizations, providing legal protection and recognition for the preservation and maintenance of the designated historic resources.


Identity theft prevention: Measures, strategies, and practices aimed at preventing unauthorized use or misuse of an individual’s personal information for fraudulent purposes, including safeguards, monitoring, and education to minimize the risk of identity theft.

Identity verification: The process of confirming and validating an individual’s claimed identity, often through the verification of personal information, official documents, biometric data, or other reliable means, to establish trust, prevent fraud, or comply with regulations.

Immigration detention centers: Facilities or centers where individuals, including immigrants or asylum seekers, are detained by immigration authorities during immigration proceedings or pending the resolution of their immigration status, often providing temporary housing, legal support, medical services, or other necessary resources while individuals are in custody.

Immigration detention records: Official records and documentation related to the detention and custody of individuals by immigration authorities or agencies, including details such as dates of apprehension, locations of detention facilities, legal proceedings, and any associated actions or decisions.

Immigration records: Official records related to an individual’s immigration status, including visa applications, immigration forms, citizenship documents, and entry and exit records.

Immigration status: The legal status of an individual in a country, typically indicating whether they are a citizen, permanent resident, visa holder, or undocumented immigrant, which affects their rights, privileges, and eligibility for various benefits and services.

Incarceration records: Official records and documentation related to individuals who are or have been held in correctional facilities, including details such as arrest records, sentencing, release dates, and inmate status.

Inheritance records: Official records and documentation related to the distribution and transfer of assets, properties, or wealth from a deceased person to their heirs or beneficiaries, typically involving wills, probate proceedings, and estate administration.

Inmate records: Official records documenting the incarceration and related information of individuals who are or have been held in correctional facilities, including details such as arrest records, sentencing, release dates, and inmate status.

Insurance claims: Formal requests submitted by policyholders to insurance companies seeking compensation for losses or damages covered by an insurance policy, requiring investigation, verification, and potential payment.

Insurance policies: Contracts between individuals or organizations and insurance companies that outline the terms, coverage, and benefits of an insurance agreement, providing financial protection against specified risks or losses, such as property damage, health issues, liability claims, or other insurable events.

Intellectual property assignments: Legal transfers or assignments of intellectual property rights, including patents, copyrights, trademarks, or trade secrets, from one party to another, indicating the ownership or transfer of exclusive rights to use, sell, or license the intellectual property.

International trade agreements: Agreements or treaties negotiated between two or more countries to establish frameworks, rules, or conditions for trade and commerce between the participating nations, regulating tariffs, duties, quotas, intellectual property, investment, or other aspects of international trade.

Invention disclosures: Formal disclosures made by individuals or inventors to document and provide information about their inventions, including technical descriptions, drawings, or claims, often submitted to employers, research institutions, or patent offices as a preliminary step in the patenting process.

Investigative records: Official records and documentation related to investigations conducted by law enforcement agencies, private investigators, or other entities, encompassing evidence, surveillance reports, interviews, and findings associated with the investigation process.


Judicial records: Records related to legal proceedings, court cases, and judgments, including court orders, motions, pleadings, and other documents generated and maintained by the judicial system.

Jury records: Records related to the selection, composition, and deliberation of a jury for a particular case, including the list of potential jurors, their qualifications, summonses, questionnaires, and any documentation related to their service in the jury.

Juvenile court records: Official records and documentation related to cases involving individuals under the age of 18 who have engaged in delinquent or criminal behavior, including court proceedings, assessments, dispositions, and any other relevant information associated with the juvenile justice system.


Labor union memberships: Official records and documentation related to individuals’ membership in labor unions or trade unions, including information on union affiliations, dues payment, tenure, representation rights, collective bargaining agreements, and other rights and responsibilities as union members.

Land use planning documents: Official documents, plans, or reports created by government authorities or planning departments to guide and regulate the development, use, or preservation of land within specific jurisdictions, outlining zoning regulations, land use policies, urban design guidelines, environmental considerations, infrastructure plans, and other factors that influence the allocation and management of land resources. These documents provide a framework for making decisions related to the allocation of land for residential, commercial, industrial, recreational, or other purposes, as well as strategies for addressing issues such as transportation, sustainability, conservation, and community development. Land use planning documents help ensure that land is used efficiently and sustainably to support the social, economic, and environmental needs of communities while promoting orderly and balanced growth.

Law enforcement records: Official records and documentation created and maintained by law enforcement agencies, including incident reports, arrests, investigations, case files, and other records related to law enforcement activities and criminal justice proceedings.

Licensing records Official records and documentation related to licenses issued by regulatory bodies or authorities, indicating that individuals or businesses have met the necessary requirements and qualifications to engage in specific activities, professions, or operations.

Litigation records Official records and documentation related to legal disputes and court cases, encompassing court filings, pleadings, motions, court orders, judgments, and any other relevant documentation associated with the litigation process.

Lobbying activities Activities aimed at influencing government officials, legislators, or policymakers on specific issues or legislation, often conducted by individuals, organizations, or lobbyists to advocate for their interests or seek changes in public policy.

Lobbyist records Official records and documentation related to the activities, expenditures, and interactions of lobbyists who engage in advocating for specific interests or causes with government officials or agencies, typically maintained by regulatory authorities or legislative bodies.


Marriage licenses: Legal documents issued by government authorities that grant individuals the legal recognition and permission to marry, specifying the individuals involved, the date of the marriage, and other relevant details required for a lawful marriage.

Marriage records: Official records that document the legal union between two individuals, providing details such as the date, location, and names of the spouses.

Medical records: Official records and documentation maintained by healthcare providers or institutions, containing information about an individual’s medical history, diagnoses, treatments, medications, allergies, test results, and other pertinent health-related information.

Medicare billing records: Official records and documentation related to healthcare services billed to the Medicare program, including medical claims, reimbursement requests, invoices, or other financial records that detail the services provided, associated costs, healthcare providers, and Medicare payments or reimbursements for medical treatments, procedures, or supplies.

Military records: Official records documenting an individual’s military service, including enlistment dates, assignments, promotions, awards, and discharge status.

Military service medals: Decorations or awards bestowed upon individuals in recognition of their military service, valor, or contributions, including medals, ribbons, badges, or commendations presented by military branches or governments to honor and commemorate service members’ achievements and sacrifices.

Misdemeanor records: Official records documenting criminal offenses classified as misdemeanors, which are less serious crimes compared to felonies and usually carry lighter penalties.

Missing person records: Official records and documentation related to individuals who have been reported missing, including information such as physical descriptions, last known whereabouts, and any available details that may aid in their location.

Mugshots: Photographs taken by law enforcement agencies to capture the facial appearance of individuals at the time of their arrest, often used for identification and record-keeping purposes.


Nonprofit organization filings: Official filings and documentation required by government authorities for the establishment, registration, and ongoing operation of nonprofit organizations, including articles of incorporation, bylaws, tax-exempt status applications, annual reports, or financial disclosures, ensuring compliance with nonprofit laws and regulations.


Offender records: Official records and documentation related to individuals who have been convicted of crimes, including details such as offenses committed, sentencing information, incarceration records, and sometimes rehabilitation or parole status.

Online harassment reports: Reports documenting instances of harassment, abuse, or threats that occur in online environments, including social media platforms, websites, or other digital platforms, providing a record of reported incidents and actions taken to address the harassment.

Online presence: The digital footprint and visibility of an individual or organization on the internet, including websites, social media profiles, blogs, forums, and any other online platforms or content associated with their identity or brand.

OSHA safety reports: Reports generated as part of workplace safety inspections or assessments conducted by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) or similar regulatory bodies, providing information on safety hazards, violations, corrective actions, or recommendations to ensure compliance with workplace safety standards.


Parking violation records: Official records and documentation related to parking violations or infractions, including tickets, citations, or notices issued by law enforcement or parking authorities for violations of parking rules, regulations, or time restrictions in designated areas.

Parole records: Official records documenting the supervised release of individuals from prison before their full sentence is served, typically including conditions of release, supervision details, and progress reports.

Patent applications: Official documents filed with a patent office to request legal protection for a new invention, disclosing the details of the invention and its claims in order to secure exclusive rights for a specified period.

Paternity establishment records: Official records and documentation related to the establishment of legal fatherhood, often achieved through paternity tests, court orders, or voluntary acknowledgments, providing legal recognition of a biological father’s rights and responsibilities, including child support, custody, visitation, and inheritance.

Paternity test results: Results of DNA tests conducted to determine the biological relationship between an alleged father and a child, providing scientific evidence regarding paternity and used in legal proceedings or for personal knowledge purposes.

Pension records: Official records and documentation related to retirement plans, benefits, and pensions provided by employers or government entities, including details of contributions, eligibility, vesting, and pension payment information.

Personal bankruptcy filings: Legal filings or petitions initiated by individuals or businesses declaring bankruptcy, seeking legal protection from creditors and addressing the resolution of outstanding debts or financial obligations through bankruptcy proceedings, often involving court-appointed trustees and adherence to bankruptcy laws and regulations.

Police reports: Written accounts prepared by law enforcement agencies documenting incidents, crimes, and events, including details such as the nature of the incident, involved parties, and actions taken by the police.

Political contributions: Financial contributions made by individuals, organizations, or entities to political campaigns or candidates, often subject to disclosure requirements to promote transparency and track potential influences on political processes.

Prisoner release records: Official records and documentation related to the release of individuals from correctional facilities, including details such as the date of release, parole or probation terms, conditions, and any post-release supervision or support provided to facilitate reintegration into society.

Privacy laws: Legal regulations and statutes that aim to protect individuals’ personal information from unauthorized access, use, or disclosure by organizations, entities, or government agencies, ensuring privacy rights are respected and upheld.

Privacy protection: Measures, regulations, and practices aimed at safeguarding and preserving an individual’s personal information, preventing unauthorized access, use, or disclosure, and ensuring compliance with privacy laws and regulations.

Probation officer reports: Reports prepared by probation officers, documenting the progress, compliance, or violations of individuals serving probation sentences, including information on their rehabilitation efforts, behavior, employment, treatment programs, and adherence to the terms set by the court.

Probation records: Official records documenting the supervision of individuals who have been sentenced to probation instead of imprisonment, providing details of the probation terms, progress, and any violations or sanctions imposed.

Professional affiliations: Memberships or associations with professional organizations, societies, or groups that represent specific industries, fields of expertise, or professional interests, often indicating a commitment to professional development and adherence to industry standards.

Professional certifications: Credentials or qualifications awarded to individuals by professional organizations, certifying their expertise, knowledge, and proficiency in a specific field or industry, typically obtained through training, examination, or demonstrated competency.

Professional disciplinary actions: Actions taken by professional regulatory bodies or licensing boards in response to violations of professional standards or ethics, which may include warnings, fines, suspension, revocation of licenses or certifications, or other disciplinary measures depending on the severity of the misconduct or violation.

Professional liability claims: Claims or legal actions filed against professionals, such as doctors, lawyers, architects, or accountants, alleging negligence, errors, omissions, or other professional misconduct that resulted in financial losses, harm, or damages to clients, patients, or third parties.

Professional licenses: Documents issued by regulatory bodies or professional associations that authorize individuals to practice specific professions, indicating their qualifications and adherence to professional standards.

Property assessments: Evaluations conducted by government authorities or assessors to determine the value of real estate properties for tax purposes or other assessments, often considering factors such as location, condition, size, and comparable sales in the area.

Property ownership: Records and documents that establish ownership rights, interests, or claims to real property, providing details such as the property owner’s name, legal description, boundaries, encumbrances, and historical transactions related to the property.

Property records: Documents and information related to real property ownership, transactions, and details such as ownership history, property boundaries, liens, and mortgages.

Public contract bids: Proposals submitted by individuals, businesses, or organizations in response to a public call or invitation to bid on government contracts or projects, providing details of the proposed work, cost estimates, qualifications, and other relevant information for consideration by the contracting authority.

Public contracts: Official records and documentation related to contracts and agreements entered into by government entities with private individuals, organizations, or companies for the provision of goods, services, or construction projects, often subject to public scrutiny and accountability.

Public health emergency declarations: Declarations made by government authorities or public health agencies to declare a state of emergency or public health crisis due to significant threats to public health, enabling the implementation of emergency measures, resource allocation, or other actions to mitigate the impact of the emergency.

Public housing records: Official records and documentation related to public housing programs or initiatives, including applications, lease agreements, eligibility determinations, rental payment records, maintenance requests, or other documents pertaining to the administration, management, and provision of affordable housing options for low-income individuals and families.

Public information: Information that is freely available and accessible to the general public, which may include government records, published materials, news articles, and other sources of information that are not considered confidential or restricted.

Public pension fund investments: Investments made by public pension funds, such as those managed by government entities or pension boards, to grow pension assets and secure retirement benefits for public employees, including investments in stocks, bonds, real estate, private equity, infrastructure, or other financial instruments to generate returns and meet long-term pension obligations.

Public records: Official documents and information that are publicly accessible and maintained by government agencies, providing transparency and accountability.

Public safety records: Official records and documentation related to public safety concerns, including emergency response plans, safety inspections, incident reports, crime statistics, and other information pertaining to the well-being and security of the general public.

Public school enrollment records: Official records and documentation related to the enrollment of students in public schools, including demographic information, attendance records, academic progress, immunization records, transfer documents, or other data used for administrative, planning, or educational purposes.

Public transportation usage data: Data and statistics related to the use, ridership, or passenger patterns on public transportation systems, including buses, trains, subways, or other forms of public transit, providing insights into transportation planning, service improvements, or infrastructure development.
Real estate transactions Records and documentation related to the buying, selling, or transfer of real property, including sales contracts, deeds, mortgages, liens, title searches, and closing statements.


Reference checks: The process of contacting and gathering information from individuals who can vouch for an applicant’s character, qualifications, and suitability for a job or other purposes, typically conducted by employers or organizations during the selection process.

Regulatory compliance: The adherence and conformity to laws, regulations, and guidelines established by regulatory bodies or authorities, ensuring that individuals, organizations, or entities operate within the legal and ethical framework governing their respective industries or sectors.

Road construction permits: Official permits or authorizations granted by government authorities or transportation departments for road construction or improvement projects, specifying the scope, duration, conditions, and compliance requirements for the construction activities, ensuring adherence to engineering standards and safety regulations.


Scholarship applications: Applications submitted by individuals seeking financial assistance or awards for educational purposes, typically detailing personal information, academic achievements, extracurricular activities, financial need, and other qualifications or requirements specified by the scholarship provider.

School district records: Official records and documentation related to the operations, administration, and activities of a school district, including student enrollment data, academic performance records, financial reports, board meeting minutes, policies, and other relevant information pertaining to the district’s educational responsibilities.

Securities filings: Official filings and disclosures made by publicly traded companies or entities to regulatory bodies, such as the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), providing information about financial performance, operations, governance, and other relevant details affecting the securities they offer to investors.

Sentencing records Official records and documentation related to the legal decisions and judgments made by a court regarding the penalties, fines, or other consequences assigned to an individual convicted of a crime.

Sex offender records: Official records and documentation related to individuals convicted of sex offenses, including details such as their personal information, offense types, registration status, and any legal requirements or restrictions imposed on their activities or living arrangements.

Sex offender registry: A database maintained by law enforcement agencies that contains information about convicted sex offenders, including their personal details, addresses, and details of their offenses.

Social media policies: Guidelines and rules established by individuals, organizations, or employers to govern the use of social media platforms by employees or members, defining acceptable behavior, privacy considerations, content guidelines, and potential consequences for violations.

Social media searches: The practice of conducting searches and reviewing publicly available information on social media platforms to gather insights about an individual’s online activities, interests, connections, and overall digital presence.

Social security records: Official records related to an individual’s social security number, benefits, earnings history, and contributions to the social security system.

State records: Official documents and information created, collected, or maintained by state-level government agencies, covering various aspects including legislation, regulations, administrative records, and public services specific to a particular state.

Student loan applications: Applications submitted by students or borrowers seeking financial assistance or loans for educational purposes, typically including personal information, academic details, financial need, and other required information to determine eligibility for various student loan programs or financial aid opportunities.


Tax assessments: Evaluations or appraisals conducted by tax authorities to determine the value of properties or assets for taxation purposes, including assessments of real estate properties, personal property, or other taxable assets to establish the basis for calculating property taxes, income taxes, or other tax liabilities.

Tax exemption applications: Applications submitted to tax authorities by individuals, organizations, or entities seeking exemption from certain taxes or claiming tax benefits, providing information and documentation to support eligibility for tax exemptions based on specific criteria or qualifying activities.

Tax liens: Official claims or encumbrances placed on a property by a government authority due to unpaid taxes, serving as a legal interest or security until the taxes are paid, and typically recorded in public tax lien records.

Tax records: Official records and documentation related to an individual’s or organization’s tax obligations, filings, payments, and other relevant information, often maintained by tax authorities or the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) in the United States.

Tenant eviction records: Official records and documentation related to the eviction of tenants from rental properties, including eviction notices, court filings, judgments, or other relevant documents indicating the legal process and outcome of a tenant’s eviction.

Tenant screening: The process of evaluating and assessing potential tenants to determine their reliability, financial stability, and suitability for leasing a property, typically through background checks, credit history, and reference checks.

Trademark infringement records: Official records and documentation related to trademark infringement cases, including complaints, legal filings, court proceedings, judgments, and other relevant documents associated with alleged unauthorized use or violation of registered trademarks.

Trademark registrations: Official registrations granted by the government to protect unique names, logos, symbols, or designs associated with products or services, providing exclusive rights to use and prevent others from using similar marks in commerce.

Traffic accident reports: Reports generated by law enforcement agencies or authorities documenting details of motor vehicle accidents, including the date, time, location, involved parties, vehicle descriptions, contributing factors, injuries, fatalities, and other relevant information, often used for insurance claims, legal proceedings, or statistical analysis of traffic safety.

Traffic tickets: Official citations or notices issued to individuals for violating traffic laws or regulations, typically involving offenses such as speeding, running red lights, illegal parking, or other violations related to the operation of vehicles.

Unemployment insurance claims: Claims filed by individuals who have become unemployed and are seeking financial assistance or benefits through the unemployment insurance program, typically requiring the submission of information on employment history, earnings, and circumstances of job separation, to determine eligibility and provide temporary financial support during the period of unemployment.


Utility bills: Invoices or statements issued by utility service providers, such as electricity, water, gas, or telecommunications companies, to consumers or customers, itemizing the charges, usage, and payment details for the provided utility services during a specific billing period.


Vehicle registrations: Official records and documentation related to the registration of vehicles, including cars, motorcycles, trucks, or other motor vehicles, typically issued by the relevant government authority or department responsible for vehicle registration, providing ownership and identification information.

Vital records: Essential documents such as birth certificates, marriage certificates, divorce decrees, and death certificates that record important life events and are typically maintained by government entities.

Vital statistics: Official records and data related to essential life events, such as births, deaths, marriages, divorces, and fetal deaths, typically recorded and maintained by government agencies for statistical, legal, and demographic purposes.

Voter registration: The process of registering eligible individuals to vote in elections, involving the collection and maintenance of information such as name, address, and other relevant details to establish voter eligibility and ensure accurate participation in the electoral process.

Voter turnout records: Official records and statistics that document the number of eligible voters who participated in an election or voting event, providing data on voter turnout rates and the level of civic engagement in a particular jurisdiction or electoral process.


Warrant search: A process of searching and obtaining information about active warrants issued by courts, indicating authorization for the arrest or detention of individuals suspected of committing a crime.

Water quality reports: Reports and assessments conducted by water utilities or environmental agencies to evaluate the quality and safety of drinking water sources, distribution systems, or bodies of water, providing information on water contaminants, treatment processes, compliance with water quality standards, or public health risks.

Wildlife conservation records: Official records and documentation related to the conservation, protection, and management of wildlife species and their habitats, including surveys, research data, population studies, habitat assessments, conservation plans, and other information essential for wildlife management, biodiversity preservation, and environmental stewardship.

Witness statements: Official statements given by individuals who have witnessed or have knowledge of events, incidents, or facts related to a particular case or legal matter, providing their observations, experiences, or testimony to assist in the investigation or adjudication process.

Workers’ compensation claims: Claims filed by employees who have sustained work-related injuries or illnesses, seeking compensation for medical expenses, lost wages, rehabilitation, or disability benefits provided by employers’ workers’ compensation insurance coverage in accordance with applicable workers’ compensation laws and regulations.


Zoning permits: Official permits or authorizations granted by government authorities or planning departments that regulate land use and development activities within specific zoning districts or areas, ensuring compliance with zoning regulations, building codes, and other applicable requirements.

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